Key Facts


Comet C/2014 J1 (Catalina) is an object with a medium-length orbit that is highly inclined to the ecliptic plane of the solar system. NASA JPL has not classified Catalina as potentially hazardous because its orbit does not bring it close to Earth.

Catalina orbits the sun every 9,290 days (25.43 years), coming as close as 1.71 AU and reaching as far as 15.58 AU from the sun. Its orbit is highly elliptical.

No Close Approaches

Catalina's orbit is 0.71 AU from Earth's orbit at its closest point. This means that there is an very wide berth between this asteroid and Earth at all times.

Orbital simulations conducted by NASA JPL's CNEOS do not show any close approaches to Earth.

Images and Observations

Catalina's orbit is determined by observations dating back to May 9, 2014. It was last officially observed on June 22, 2014. The IAU Minor Planet Center records 103 observations used to determine its orbit.

Accessibility and Exploration

This comet is not considered a viable target for human exploration by the NHATS study.

Similar Objects

These objects have orbits that share similar characteristics to the orbit of Catalina:



   or view a random object

Orbital Elements

  • Epoch: 2456794.5 JD
  • Semi-major axis: 8.646 AU
  • Eccentricity: 0.8024
  • Inclination: 159.7°
  • Longitude of Ascending Node: 41.94°
  • Argument of Periapsis: 195.48°
  • Mean Anomaly: 358.68°

Physical Characteristics

  • Magnitude: 16.8

Derived Characteristics

  • Orbit Period: 9,290 days (25.43 years)
  • Avg. Orbit Speed: 10.12 km/s
  • Aphelion Distance: 15.58 AU
  • Perihelion Distance: 1.71 AU

Orbit Simulation

Sky Map

The position of C/2014 J1 (Catalina) is indicated by a ◯ pink circle. Note that the object may not be in your current field of view. Use the controls below to adjust position, location, and time.