2P/Encke is a small comet whose orbit brings it closer to the sun than Jupiter. NASA JPL has classified 2P/Encke as a "Near Earth Asteroid" due to its orbit's proximity to Earth, but it is not considered potentially hazardous because computer simulations have not indicated any imminent likelihood of future collision.
2P/Encke orbits the sun every 1,204 days (3.30 years), coming as close as 0.34 AU and reaching as far as 4.09 AU from the sun. Its orbit is highly elliptical. 2P/Encke is about 4.8 kilometers in diameter, making it larger than most asteroids, comparable in size to the San Francisco Bay.
The rotation of 2P/Encke has been observed. It completes a rotation on its axis every 11.08 days.
2P/Encke's orbit is 0.17 AU from Earth's orbit at its closest point. This means that there is an wide berth between this asteroid and Earth at all times.
2P/Encke has 4 close approaches predicted in the coming decades:
|Date||Distance from Earth (km)||Velocity (km/s)|
|July 7, 2063||29,052,266||32.457|
|June 28, 2106||29,353,921||25.686|
|June 29, 2172||24,866,782||26.598|
|Nov. 6, 2178||28,422,055||32.245|
2P/Encke's orbit is determined by observations dating back to Aug. 15, 2009. It was last officially observed on Oct. 8, 2019. The IAU Minor Planet Center records 2,553 observations used to determine its orbit.
The position of 2P/Encke is indicated by a ◯ pink circle. Note that the object may not be in your current field of view. Use the controls below to adjust position, location, and time.