Key Facts

  • Categorized as a Aten-class Asteroid
  • Comparable in size to the Golden Gate Bridge (0.59 km diameter)
  • Will pass within 20,776,682 km of Earth in 2021
  • Classified as a Near Earth Asteroid (NEA)
  • Not a Potentially Hazardous Object
  • See orbit simulation

Overview

85953 (1999 FK21) is a small asteroid whose orbit could bring it in close proximity to Earth. NASA JPL has classified 1999 FK21 as a "Near Earth Asteroid" due to its orbit's proximity to Earth, but it is not considered potentially hazardous because computer simulations have not indicated any imminent likelihood of future collision.

1999 FK21 orbits the sun every 232 days (0.64 years), coming as close as 0.22 AU and reaching as far as 1.26 AU from the sun. Its orbit is highly elliptical. 1999 FK21 is about 0.6 kilometers in diameter, making it small in absolute terms, but larger than ~97% of asteroids, comparable in size to the Golden Gate Bridge.

The rotation of 1999 FK21 has been observed. It completes a rotation on its axis every 68.44 days.

1999 FK21's spectral type None (Tholen) / S (SMASSII) indicates that it is likely to contain magnesium silicate and iron silicate.

Close Approaches

1999 FK21's orbit is 0.07 AU from Earth's orbit at its closest point. This means that there is an wide berth between this asteroid and Earth at all times.

1999 FK21 has 44 close approaches predicted in the coming decades:

Date Distance from Earth (km) Velocity (km/s)
Feb. 16, 2021 20,776,682 21.609
April 8, 2025 12,078,443 18.988
Feb. 16, 2028 18,552,594 19.435
April 7, 2032 11,295,170 20.839
Feb. 17, 2035 21,523,181 17.805
April 7, 2039 18,721,970 23.252
Feb. 20, 2042 27,402,179 16.716
April 4, 2046 29,562,799 25.991
April 1, 2051 28,830,155 16.415
April 6, 2058 21,459,636 17.104
Feb. 16, 2061 22,590,983 22.387
April 8, 2065 14,081,051 18.438
Feb. 16, 2068 18,537,501 20.143
April 8, 2072 10,753,137 20.117
Feb. 17, 2075 19,876,871 18.352
April 8, 2079 15,503,669 22.331
Feb. 19, 2082 25,077,710 17.016
April 6, 2086 25,171,616 24.893
April 4, 2098 24,569,244 16.768
Feb. 18, 2101 25,648,185 23.451
April 8, 2105 17,076,253 17.820
Feb. 18, 2108 19,537,996 21.091
April 9, 2112 11,593,230 19.305
Feb. 17, 2115 18,573,369 19.063
April 10, 2119 12,657,751 21.355
Feb. 19, 2122 22,529,199 17.493
April 8, 2126 20,612,121 23.704
Feb. 22, 2129 28,073,959 16.634
April 4, 2138 27,649,640 16.505
Feb. 20, 2141 29,448,825 24.627
April 7, 2145 20,377,528 17.268
Feb. 19, 2148 21,609,763 22.107
April 9, 2152 13,631,019 18.604
Feb. 18, 2155 18,165,033 19.836
April 10, 2159 11,251,115 20.510
Feb. 18, 2162 20,488,231 18.042
April 9, 2166 17,059,829 22.721
Feb. 21, 2169 25,736,440 16.901
April 6, 2173 27,143,321 25.345
April 6, 2185 22,946,026 16.942
Feb. 19, 2188 23,756,702 22.907
April 9, 2192 15,590,653 18.148
Feb. 18, 2195 18,422,966 20.453
April 10, 2199 11,153,583 19.959

Images and Observations

1999 FK21's orbit is determined by observations dating back to March 26, 1971. It was last officially observed on Jan. 28, 2020. The IAU Minor Planet Center records 1,175 observations used to determine its orbit.

Accessibility and Exploration

This asteroid is not considered a viable target for human exploration by the NHATS study.

Similar Objects

These objects have orbits that share similar characteristics to the orbit of 1999 FK21:

References

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Orbital Elements

  • Epoch: 2459000.5 JD
  • Semi-major axis: 0.7387 AU
  • Eccentricity: 0.7031
  • Inclination: 12.6°
  • Longitude of Ascending Node: 180.49°
  • Argument of Periapsis: 172.38°
  • Mean Anomaly: 34.75°

Physical Characteristics

  • Diameter: 0.59000 km
  • Magnitude: 18.1
  • Albedo: 0.32
  • Spectral type (SMASS): S

Derived Characteristics

  • Orbit Period: 232 days (0.64 years)
  • Avg. Orbit Speed: 34.64 km/s
  • Aphelion Distance: 1.26 AU
  • Perihelion Distance: 0.22 AU
  • Rotation Period: 68.44 days
  • Approx. Composition: magnesium silicate and iron silicate.

Size Comparison

Orbit Simulation

Sky Map

The position of 85953 (1999 FK21) is indicated by a ◯ pink circle. Note that the object may not be in your current field of view. Use the controls below to adjust position, location, and time.