Key Facts


Montezuma is a mid-sized asteroid orbiting between Mars and Jupiter within the inner portion of the asteroid belt. NASA JPL has not classified Montezuma as potentially hazardous because its orbit does not bring it close to Earth.

Montezuma orbits the sun every 932 days (2.55 years), coming as close as 1.70 AU and reaching as far as 2.03 AU from the sun. Montezuma is about 5.3 kilometers in diameter, making it larger than 99% of asteroids, comparable in size to the San Francisco Bay.

The rotation of Montezuma has been observed. It completes a rotation on its axis every 8.18 hours.

No Close Approaches

Montezuma's orbit is 0.81 AU from Earth's orbit at its closest point. This means that there is a very wide berth between this asteroid and Earth at all times.

Orbital simulations conducted by NASA JPL's CNEOS do not show any close approaches to Earth.

Images and Observations

Montezuma's orbit is determined by observations dating back to March 16, 1972. It was last officially observed on July 1, 2023. The IAU Minor Planet Center records 3,119 observations used to determine its orbit.

Accessibility and Exploration

This asteroid is not considered a viable target for human exploration by the NHATS study.

Similar Objects

These objects have orbits that share similar characteristics to the orbit of Montezuma:



   or view a random object

Orbital Elements

  • Epoch: 2460200.5 JD
  • Semi-major axis: 1.867 AU
  • Eccentricity: 0.0899
  • Inclination: 24.33°
  • Longitude of Ascending Node: 175.51°
  • Argument of Periapsis: 278.31°
  • Mean Anomaly: 139.26°

Physical Characteristics

  • Diameter: 5.32800 km
  • Magnitude: 13.76
  • Albedo: 0.165
  • Spectral type (Tholen): S

Derived Characteristics

  • Orbit Period: 932 days (2.55 years)
  • Avg. Orbit Speed: 21.79 km/s
  • Aphelion Distance: 2.03 AU
  • Perihelion Distance: 1.70 AU
  • Rotation Period: 8.18 hours

Map Comparison

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Orbit Simulation

Sky Map

The position of Montezuma is indicated by a ◯ pink circle. Note that the object may not be in your current field of view. Use the controls below to adjust position, location, and time.

Size Rendering

The above comparison is an artistic rendering that uses available data on the diameter of Montezuma to create an approximate landscape rendering with Mount Everest in the background. This approximation is built for full-resolution desktop browsers. Shape, color, and texture of asteroid are imagined.