Key Facts

  • Categorized as a Apollo-class Asteroid
  • Comparable in size to a school bus or smaller
  • Will pass within 15,363,915 km of Earth in 2020
  • Classified as a Near Earth Asteroid (NEA)
  • Not a Potentially Hazardous Object
  • See orbit simulation


2022 OA is a very small asteroid whose orbit crosses the orbit of Earth. NASA JPL has classified 2022 OA as a "Near Earth Asteroid" due to its orbit's proximity to Earth, but it is not considered potentially hazardous because computer simulations have not indicated any imminent likelihood of future collision.

2022 OA orbits the sun every 720 days (1.97 years), coming as close as 0.93 AU and reaching as far as 2.21 AU from the sun. Based on its brightness and the way it reflects light, 2022 OA is probably between 0.031 to 0.069 kilometers in diameter, making it a small to average asteroid, very roughly comparable in size to a school bus or smaller.

Close Approaches

2022 OA's orbit is 0.01 AU from Earth's orbit at its closest point. This means that its orbit is relatively close to Earth's orbit.

2022 OA has 3 close approaches predicted in the coming decades:

Date Distance from Earth (km) Velocity (km/s)
Aug. 14, 2020 15,363,915 8.511
July 25, 2022 1,928,206 10.520
July 10, 2024 28,446,080 15.158

Images and Observations

2022 OA's orbit is determined by observations dating back to July 18, 2022. It was last officially observed on July 26, 2022. The IAU Minor Planet Center records 124 observations used to determine its orbit.

Accessibility and Exploration

This asteroid is not considered a viable target for human exploration by the NHATS study.

Similar Objects

These objects have orbits that share similar characteristics to the orbit of 2022 OA:



   or view a random object

Orbital Elements

  • Epoch: 2460200.5 JD
  • Semi-major axis: 1.572 AU
  • Eccentricity: 0.4082
  • Inclination: 10.57°
  • Longitude of Ascending Node: 300.95°
  • Argument of Periapsis: 48.65°
  • Mean Anomaly: 188.15°

Physical Characteristics

  • Diameter: ~0.040 km
  • Magnitude: 24.67

Derived Characteristics

  • Orbit Period: 720 days (1.97 years)
  • Avg. Orbit Speed: 23.75 km/s
  • Aphelion Distance: 2.21 AU
  • Perihelion Distance: 0.93 AU

Map Comparison

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Orbit Simulation

Sky Map

The position of 2022 OA is indicated by a ◯ pink circle. Note that the object may not be in your current field of view. Use the controls below to adjust position, location, and time.

Size Rendering

The below comparison is an artistic rendering that uses available data on the diameter of 2022 OA to create an approximate landscape rendering with New York City in the background. This approximation is built for full-resolution desktop browsers. Shape, color, and texture of asteroid are imagined.