Key Facts

  • Categorized as a Aten-class Asteroid
  • Comparable in size to a school bus or smaller
  • Will pass within 24,558,441 km of Earth in 2019
  • Classified as a Near Earth Asteroid (NEA)
  • Not a Potentially Hazardous Object
  • See orbit simulation

Overview

2020 BV9 is a very small asteroid whose orbit could bring it in close proximity to Earth. NASA JPL has classified 2020 BV9 as a "Near Earth Asteroid" due to its orbit's proximity to Earth, but it is not considered potentially hazardous because computer simulations have not indicated any imminent likelihood of future collision.

2020 BV9 orbits the sun every 361 days (0.99 years), coming as close as 0.74 AU and reaching as far as 1.24 AU from the sun. Based on its brightness and the way it reflects light, 2020 BV9 is probably between 0.011 to 0.048 kilometers in diameter, making it a small to average asteroid, very roughly comparable in size to a school bus or smaller.

Close Approaches

2020 BV9's orbit is 0.03 AU from Earth's orbit at its closest point. This means that there is an wide berth between this asteroid and Earth at all times.

2020 BV9 has 13 close approaches predicted in the coming decades:

Date Distance from Earth (km) Velocity (km/s)
Feb. 2, 2019 24,558,441 5.656
March 27, 2019 27,447,881 4.592
Feb. 19, 2020 15,138,413 5.606
Feb. 22, 2021 5,628,191 7.550
Feb. 20, 2022 9,248,809 9.754
Feb. 18, 2023 20,339,619 12.148
Oct. 2, 2072 18,419,481 11.343
Sept. 28, 2073 7,972,421 8.039
Feb. 21, 2083 5,099,471 8.418
Feb. 18, 2084 19,466,574 11.869
Feb. 24, 2150 7,408,646 7.060
Feb. 22, 2151 10,444,208 9.905
Feb. 19, 2152 24,888,021 13.005

Images and Observations

2020 BV9's orbit is determined by observations dating back to Jan. 25, 2020. It was last officially observed on Feb. 15, 2020. The IAU Minor Planet Center records 23 observations used to determine its orbit.

Accessibility and Exploration

2020 BV9 can be reached with a journey of 442 days. This trajectory would require a delta-v of 7.806 km/s. To put this into perspective, the delta-v to launch a rocket to Low-Earth Orbit is 9.7 km/s. There are 61,278 potential trajectories and launch windows to this asteroid.

See more at the NHATS Mission Trajectories table for 2020 BV9.

Similar Objects

These objects have orbits that share similar characteristics to the orbit of 2020 BV9:

References

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Orbital Elements

  • Epoch: 2459000.5 JD
  • Semi-major axis: 0.9918 AU
  • Eccentricity: 0.2529
  • Inclination: 3.37°
  • Longitude of Ascending Node: 300.84°
  • Argument of Periapsis: 317.55°
  • Mean Anomaly: 16.42°

Physical Characteristics

  • Diameter: ~0.030 km
  • Magnitude: 26.0

Derived Characteristics

  • Orbit Period: 361 days (0.99 years)
  • Avg. Orbit Speed: 29.89 km/s
  • Aphelion Distance: 1.24 AU
  • Perihelion Distance: 0.74 AU

Map Comparison

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Orbit Simulation

Sky Map

The position of 2020 BV9 is indicated by a ◯ pink circle. Note that the object may not be in your current field of view. Use the controls below to adjust position, location, and time.

Size Rendering

The below comparison is an artistic rendering that uses available data on the diameter of 2020 BV9 to create an approximate landscape rendering with New York City in the background. This approximation is built for full-resolution desktop browsers. Shape, color, and texture of asteroid are imagined.