Key Facts

  • Categorized as a Aten-class Asteroid
  • Comparable in size to a school bus or smaller
  • Will pass within 24,562,786 km of Earth in 2019
  • Classified as a Near Earth Asteroid (NEA)
  • Not a Potentially Hazardous Object
  • See orbit simulation

Overview

2020 BV9 is a very small asteroid whose orbit could bring it in close proximity to Earth. NASA JPL has classified 2020 BV9 as a "Near Earth Asteroid" due to its orbit's proximity to Earth, but it is not considered potentially hazardous because computer simulations have not indicated any imminent likelihood of future collision.

2020 BV9 orbits the sun every 361 days (0.99 years), coming as close as 0.74 AU and reaching as far as 1.24 AU from the sun. Based on its brightness and the way it reflects light, 2020 BV9 is probably between 0.010 to 0.047 kilometers in diameter, making it a small to average asteroid, very roughly comparable in size to a school bus or smaller.

Close Approaches

2020 BV9's orbit is 0.03 AU from Earth's orbit at its closest point. This means that there is an wide berth between this asteroid and Earth at all times.

2020 BV9 has 31 close approaches predicted in the coming decades:

Date Distance from Earth (km) Velocity (km/s)
Feb. 2, 2019 24,562,786 5.656
March 27, 2019 27,453,228 4.596
Feb. 19, 2020 15,136,555 5.605
Feb. 22, 2021 5,621,330 7.552
Feb. 20, 2022 9,268,556 9.758
Feb. 18, 2023 20,371,715 12.153
Oct. 2, 2072 18,676,519 11.400
Sept. 28, 2073 7,978,332 8.096
Sept. 28, 2074 17,746,219 4.978
Oct. 30, 2075 29,393,489 5.767
Jan. 24, 2081 27,404,437 5.948
Feb. 18, 2082 15,436,694 5.508
Feb. 21, 2083 4,953,950 8.320
Feb. 18, 2084 18,874,336 11.744
Oct. 4, 2136 20,820,427 11.979
Oct. 1, 2137 10,954,344 9.616
Sept. 29, 2138 8,685,862 7.394
Sept. 29, 2139 17,049,256 5.178
Aug. 24, 2140 27,249,256 5.451
Oct. 21, 2140 26,432,134 5.305
Jan. 23, 2148 29,360,208 6.187
Feb. 12, 2149 19,743,854 5.332
Feb. 23, 2150 7,223,247 7.107
Feb. 22, 2151 10,318,624 9.887
Feb. 19, 2152 24,446,604 12.921
Oct. 5, 2193 19,946,994 11.717
Oct. 1, 2194 8,942,525 8.859
Sept. 29, 2195 10,973,544 6.605
Oct. 4, 2196 20,552,409 4.721
Aug. 17, 2197 29,656,293 6.109
Oct. 29, 2197 28,729,782 5.654

Images and Observations

2020 BV9's orbit is determined by observations dating back to Jan. 9, 2019. It was last officially observed on Feb. 13, 2021. The IAU Minor Planet Center records 42 observations used to determine its orbit.

Accessibility and Exploration

2020 BV9 can be reached with a journey of 442 days. This trajectory would require a delta-v of 7.805 km/s. To put this into perspective, the delta-v to launch a rocket to Low-Earth Orbit is 9.7 km/s. There are 61,269 potential trajectories and launch windows to this asteroid.

See more at the NHATS Mission Trajectories table for 2020 BV9.

Similar Objects

These objects have orbits that share similar characteristics to the orbit of 2020 BV9:

References

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Orbital Elements

  • Epoch: 2459396.5 JD
  • Semi-major axis: 0.9921 AU
  • Eccentricity: 0.2529
  • Inclination: 3.34°
  • Longitude of Ascending Node: 300.55°
  • Argument of Periapsis: 317.71°
  • Mean Anomaly: 51.65°

Physical Characteristics

  • Diameter: ~0.029 km
  • Magnitude: 26.1

Derived Characteristics

  • Orbit Period: 361 days (0.99 years)
  • Avg. Orbit Speed: 29.90 km/s
  • Aphelion Distance: 1.24 AU
  • Perihelion Distance: 0.74 AU

Map Comparison

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Orbit Simulation

Sky Map

The position of 2020 BV9 is indicated by a ◯ pink circle. Note that the object may not be in your current field of view. Use the controls below to adjust position, location, and time.

Size Rendering

The below comparison is an artistic rendering that uses available data on the diameter of 2020 BV9 to create an approximate landscape rendering with New York City in the background. This approximation is built for full-resolution desktop browsers. Shape, color, and texture of asteroid are imagined.