Key Facts

  • Categorized as a Amor-class Asteroid
  • Comparable in size to a school bus or smaller
  • Will pass within 16,582,440 km of Earth in 2020
  • Classified as a Near Earth Asteroid (NEA)
  • Not a Potentially Hazardous Object
  • See orbit simulation


2016 JN is a very small asteroid whose orbit approaches the orbit of Earth but does not cross it. NASA JPL has classified 2016 JN as a "Near Earth Asteroid" due to its orbit's proximity to Earth, but it is not considered potentially hazardous because computer simulations have not indicated any imminent likelihood of future collision.

2016 JN orbits the sun every 723 days (1.98 years), coming as close as 1.03 AU and reaching as far as 2.12 AU from the sun. Based on its brightness and the way it reflects light, 2016 JN is probably between 0.056 to 0.124 kilometers in diameter, making it a small to average asteroid, very roughly comparable in size to a school bus or smaller.

Close Approaches

2016 JN's orbit is 0.11 AU from Earth's orbit at its closest point. This means that there is an wide berth between this asteroid and Earth at all times.

2016 JN has 9 close approaches predicted in the coming decades:

Date Distance from Earth (km) Velocity (km/s)
June 30, 2020 16,582,440 6.092
June 16, 2022 27,775,381 9.987
Sept. 10, 2101 28,217,333 10.075
Aug. 28, 2103 16,568,699 6.117
July 6, 2105 16,397,335 5.570
June 20, 2107 25,873,863 9.460
Sept. 7, 2188 22,084,318 8.557
Aug. 16, 2190 16,200,464 4.951
June 29, 2192 17,971,712 6.869

Images and Observations

2016 JN's orbit is determined by observations dating back to May 1, 2016. It was last officially observed on Oct. 20, 2020. The IAU Minor Planet Center records 71 observations used to determine its orbit.

Accessibility and Exploration

This asteroid is not considered a viable target for human exploration by the NHATS study.

Similar Objects

These objects have orbits that share similar characteristics to the orbit of 2016 JN:



   or view a random object

Orbital Elements

  • Epoch: 2459000.5 JD
  • Semi-major axis: 1.577 AU
  • Eccentricity: 0.345
  • Inclination: 6.1°
  • Longitude of Ascending Node: 216.3°
  • Argument of Periapsis: 90.54°
  • Mean Anomaly: 332.38°

Physical Characteristics

  • Diameter: ~0.072 km
  • Magnitude: 23.4

Derived Characteristics

  • Orbit Period: 723 days (1.98 years)
  • Avg. Orbit Speed: 23.73 km/s
  • Aphelion Distance: 2.12 AU
  • Perihelion Distance: 1.03 AU

Map Comparison

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Orbit Simulation

Sky Map

The position of 2016 JN is indicated by a ◯ pink circle. Note that the object may not be in your current field of view. Use the controls below to adjust position, location, and time.

Size Rendering

The below comparison is an artistic rendering that uses available data on the diameter of 2016 JN to create an approximate landscape rendering with New York City in the background. This approximation is built for full-resolution desktop browsers. Shape, color, and texture of asteroid are imagined.