Key Facts

  • Categorized as a Apollo-class Asteroid
  • Comparable in size to a school bus or smaller
  • Will pass within 21,099,687 km of Earth in 2039
  • Classified as a Near Earth Asteroid (NEA)
  • Not a Potentially Hazardous Object
  • See orbit simulation


2010 VQ98 is a very small asteroid whose orbit crosses the orbit of Earth. NASA JPL has classified 2010 VQ98 as a "Near Earth Asteroid" due to its orbit's proximity to Earth, but it is not considered potentially hazardous because computer simulations have not indicated any imminent likelihood of future collision.

2010 VQ98 orbits the sun every 378 days (1.03 years), coming as close as 1.00 AU and reaching as far as 1.05 AU from the sun. Based on its brightness and the way it reflects light, 2010 VQ98 is probably between 0.004 to 0.018 kilometers in diameter, making it a small to average asteroid, very roughly comparable in size to a school bus or smaller.

Close Approaches

2010 VQ98's orbit is 0.00 AU from Earth's orbit at its closest point. This means that its orbit is relatively close to Earth's orbit.

2010 VQ98 has 5 close approaches predicted in the coming decades:

Date Distance from Earth (km) Velocity (km/s)
July 14, 2039 21,099,687 4.759
April 30, 2040 6,389,383 1.157
Oct. 31, 2040 4,236,026 1.775
July 26, 2060 20,643,104 4.687
Nov. 3, 2061 22,022,446 5.125

NASA Sentry has assessed impact risk for 1 very close approach scenarios. Here are the top scenarios ordered by probability of impact:

Date Distance from Earth (km) Distance Error (km) Probability of Impact (%) Impact Energy (Mt)
Sept. 27, 2117 6,253.08 ±8.63 0.00215 0.009479

Images and Observations

2010 VQ98's orbit is determined by observations dating back to Nov. 10, 2010. It was last officially observed on Dec. 9, 2010. The IAU Minor Planet Center records 49 observations used to determine its orbit.

Accessibility and Exploration

2010 VQ98 can be reached with a journey of 378 days. This trajectory would require a delta-v of 3.988 km/s. To put this into perspective, the delta-v to launch a rocket to Low-Earth Orbit is 9.7 km/s. There are 1,668,874 potential trajectories and launch windows to this asteroid.

See more at the NHATS Mission Trajectories table for 2010 VQ98.

Similar Objects

These objects have orbits that share similar characteristics to the orbit of 2010 VQ98:



   or view a random object

Orbital Elements

  • Epoch: 2459396.5 JD
  • Semi-major axis: 1.023 AU
  • Eccentricity: 0.0271
  • Inclination: 1.48°
  • Longitude of Ascending Node: 46.17°
  • Argument of Periapsis: 341.74°
  • Mean Anomaly: 120.23°

Physical Characteristics

  • Diameter: ~0.011 km
  • Magnitude: 28.2

Derived Characteristics

  • Orbit Period: 378 days (1.03 years)
  • Avg. Orbit Speed: 29.44 km/s
  • Aphelion Distance: 1.05 AU
  • Perihelion Distance: 1.00 AU

Map Comparison

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Orbit Simulation

Sky Map

The position of 2010 VQ98 is indicated by a ◯ pink circle. Note that the object may not be in your current field of view. Use the controls below to adjust position, location, and time.