Key Facts

  • Categorized as a Interior-Earth Asteroid
  • Comparable in size to a football field
  • Will pass within 25,201,808 km of Earth in 2024
  • Classified as a Near Earth Asteroid (NEA)
  • Not a Potentially Hazardous Object
  • See orbit simulation

Overview

164294 (2004 XZ130) is a very small asteroid with an orbit that is entirely confined within Earth's orbit. NASA JPL has classified 2004 XZ130 as a "Near Earth Asteroid" due to its orbit's proximity to Earth, but it is not considered potentially hazardous because computer simulations have not indicated any imminent likelihood of future collision.

2004 XZ130 orbits the sun every 177 days (0.49 years), coming as close as 0.34 AU and reaching as far as 0.90 AU from the sun. Based on its brightness and the way it reflects light, 2004 XZ130 is probably between 0.221 to 0.494 kilometers in diameter, making it a small to average asteroid, very roughly comparable in size to a football field.

Close Approaches

2004 XZ130's orbit is 0.09 AU from Earth's orbit at its closest point. This means that there is an wide berth between this asteroid and Earth at all times.

2004 XZ130 has 24 close approaches predicted in the coming decades:

Date Distance from Earth (km) Velocity (km/s)
Oct. 26, 2024 25,201,808 10.304
Oct. 31, 2025 14,359,105 6.942
Nov. 4, 2026 29,360,218 11.168
Oct. 28, 2041 15,932,307 7.538
Nov. 4, 2042 21,140,434 8.901
Oct. 27, 2057 24,945,033 10.245
Nov. 1, 2058 14,366,196 6.943
Nov. 4, 2059 29,314,844 11.162
Oct. 29, 2074 16,334,988 7.651
Nov. 4, 2075 20,603,612 8.749
Oct. 27, 2090 23,695,728 9.895
Nov. 2, 2091 14,647,680 7.024
Oct. 30, 2107 16,669,267 7.757
Nov. 5, 2108 20,033,427 8.580
Oct. 29, 2123 23,265,030 9.759
Nov. 3, 2124 14,864,715 7.094
Oct. 29, 2140 16,487,720 7.704
Nov. 5, 2141 20,056,465 8.580
Oct. 28, 2156 23,765,271 9.886
Nov. 3, 2157 14,793,112 7.060
Oct. 30, 2173 15,775,532 7.483
Nov. 6, 2174 21,285,649 8.908
Oct. 29, 2189 24,293,011 10.047
Nov. 3, 2190 14,617,678 7.004

Images and Observations

2004 XZ130's orbit is determined by observations dating back to Dec. 13, 2004. It was last officially observed on Sept. 16, 2014. The IAU Minor Planet Center records 72 observations used to determine its orbit.

Accessibility and Exploration

This asteroid is not considered a viable target for human exploration by the NHATS study.

Similar Objects

These objects have orbits that share similar characteristics to the orbit of 2004 XZ130:

References

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Orbital Elements

  • Epoch: 2458600.5 JD
  • Semi-major axis: 0.617615374113 AU
  • Eccentricity: 0.454551025989
  • Inclination: 2.95075608578°
  • Longitude of Ascending Node: 211.373871385°
  • Argument of Periapsis: 5.18066268912°
  • Mean Anomaly: 32.3954877173°

Physical Characteristics

  • Diameter: ~0.285 km
  • Magnitude: 20.4

Derived Characteristics

  • Orbit Period: 177 days (0.49 years)
  • Avg. Orbit Speed: 37.90 km/s
  • Aphelion Distance: 0.90 AU
  • Perihelion Distance: 0.34 AU

Size Comparison

Orbit Simulation

Sky Map

The position of 164294 (2004 XZ130) is indicated by a ◯ pink circle. Note that the object may not be in your current field of view. Use the controls below to adjust position, location, and time.