Key Facts


Comet P/2020 MK4 (PANSTARRS) is an object whose orbit is approximately between Jupiter and Neptune. NASA JPL has not classified PANSTARRS as potentially hazardous because its orbit does not bring it close to Earth.

PANSTARRS orbits the sun every 5,570 days (15.25 years), coming as close as 6.02 AU and reaching as far as 6.28 AU from the sun.

No Close Approaches

PANSTARRS's orbit is 5.03 AU from Earth's orbit at its closest point. This means that there is an extremely wide berth between this asteroid and Earth at all times.

Orbital simulations conducted by NASA JPL's CNEOS do not show any close approaches to Earth.

Images and Observations

PANSTARRS's orbit is determined by observations dating back to June 15, 2020. It was last officially observed on Sept. 3, 2021. The IAU Minor Planet Center records 147 observations used to determine its orbit.

Accessibility and Exploration

This comet is not considered a viable target for human exploration by the NHATS study.

Similar Objects

These objects have orbits that share similar characteristics to the orbit of PANSTARRS:



   or view a random object

Orbital Elements

  • Epoch: 2459099.5 JD
  • Semi-major axis: 6.15 AU
  • Eccentricity: 0.0205
  • Inclination: 6.69°
  • Longitude of Ascending Node: 1.89°
  • Argument of Periapsis: 169.99°
  • Mean Anomaly: 126.05°

Physical Characteristics

  • Magnitude: 7.6

Derived Characteristics

  • Orbit Period: 5,570 days (15.25 years)
  • Avg. Orbit Speed: 12.01 km/s
  • Aphelion Distance: 6.28 AU
  • Perihelion Distance: 6.02 AU

Orbit Simulation

Sky Map

The position of P/2020 MK4 (PANSTARRS) is indicated by a ◯ pink circle. Note that the object may not be in your current field of view. Use the controls below to adjust position, location, and time.