Key Facts

  • Categorized as a Apollo-class Asteroid
  • Comparable in size to the Golden Gate Bridge (0.70 km diameter)
  • Will pass within 8,181,595 km of Earth in 2020
  • Classified as a Near Earth Asteroid (NEA)
  • Classified as a Potentially Hazardous Asteroid (PHA)
  • See orbit simulation

Overview

8014 (1990 MF) is a small asteroid whose orbit crosses the orbit of Earth. NASA JPL has classified 1990 MF as a "Potentially Hazardous Asteroid" due to its predicted close pass(es) with Earth.

1990 MF orbits the sun every 843 days (2.31 years), coming as close as 0.95 AU and reaching as far as 2.54 AU from the sun. 1990 MF is about 0.7 kilometers in diameter, making it small in absolute terms, but larger than ~97% of asteroids, comparable in size to the Golden Gate Bridge.

Close Approaches

1990 MF's orbit is 0.02 AU from Earth's orbit at its closest point. This means that there is an wide berth between this asteroid and Earth at all times.

1990 MF has 9 close approaches predicted in the coming decades:

Date Distance from Earth (km) Velocity (km/s)
July 23, 2020 8,181,595 7.644
Aug. 31, 2050 9,028,611 7.570
Sept. 12, 2080 5,882,506 7.843
July 17, 2110 6,277,918 8.053
Oct. 10, 2133 20,173,628 12.948
July 3, 2140 7,820,219 10.006
Sept. 7, 2163 8,042,528 7.598
Oct. 7, 2186 13,378,053 11.492
June 25, 2193 19,259,982 12.602

Images and Observations

1990 MF's orbit is determined by observations dating back to June 14, 1990. It was last officially observed on July 5, 2020. The IAU Minor Planet Center records 827 observations used to determine its orbit.

Accessibility and Exploration

This asteroid is not considered a viable target for human exploration by the NHATS study.

Similar Objects

These objects have orbits that share similar characteristics to the orbit of 1990 MF:

References

Search

   or view a random object

Orbital Elements

  • Epoch: 2459000.5 JD
  • Semi-major axis: 1.747 AU
  • Eccentricity: 0.4561
  • Inclination: 1.87°
  • Longitude of Ascending Node: 210.24°
  • Argument of Periapsis: 114.4°
  • Mean Anomaly: 328.6°

Physical Characteristics

  • Diameter: 0.70000 km
  • Magnitude: 18.7

Derived Characteristics

  • Orbit Period: 843 days (2.31 years)
  • Avg. Orbit Speed: 22.55 km/s
  • Aphelion Distance: 2.54 AU
  • Perihelion Distance: 0.95 AU

Map Comparison

Click to load map

Orbit Simulation

Sky Map

The position of 8014 (1990 MF) is indicated by a ◯ pink circle. Note that the object may not be in your current field of view. Use the controls below to adjust position, location, and time.