Key Facts

  • Categorized as a Aten-class Asteroid
  • Comparable in size to the U.S. Pentagon (1.32 km diameter)
  • Will pass within 5,182,081 km of Earth in 2019
  • Classified as a Near Earth Asteroid (NEA)
  • Classified as a Potentially Hazardous Asteroid (PHA)
  • See orbit simulation

Overview

Moshup is a mid-sized asteroid whose orbit could bring it in close proximity to Earth. NASA JPL has classified Moshup as a "Potentially Hazardous Asteroid" due to its predicted close pass(es) with Earth.

Moshup orbits the sun every 188 days (0.51 years), coming as close as 0.20 AU and reaching as far as 1.08 AU from the sun. Moshup is about 1.3 kilometers in diameter, making it larger than 99% of asteroids, comparable in size to the U.S. Pentagon.

The rotation of Moshup has been observed. It completes a rotation on its axis every 2.76 hours.

Close Approaches

Moshup's orbit is 0.01 AU from Earth's orbit at its closest point. This means that there is an wide berth between this asteroid and Earth at all times.

Moshup has 40 close approaches predicted in the coming decades:

Date Distance from Earth (km) Velocity (km/s)
May 25, 2019 5,182,081 21.513
May 26, 2020 23,910,460 24.631
June 2, 2034 29,416,530 19.876
May 29, 2035 16,789,570 19.679
May 25, 2036 2,323,304 20.798
May 26, 2037 16,830,057 23.351
May 30, 2052 23,696,680 19.655
May 27, 2053 10,146,627 20.008
May 25, 2054 6,834,960 21.760
May 27, 2055 25,698,198 24.982
June 2, 2069 29,611,656 19.883
May 29, 2070 17,120,736 19.667
May 26, 2071 2,621,496 20.740
May 26, 2072 16,028,533 23.233
June 1, 2087 25,950,817 19.716
May 27, 2088 12,948,468 19.844
May 25, 2089 3,567,082 21.299
May 27, 2090 21,775,626 24.256
May 31, 2105 20,202,185 19.614
May 27, 2106 5,897,784 20.363
May 27, 2107 11,820,973 22.557
June 3, 2122 27,498,866 19.773
May 30, 2123 14,665,491 19.767
May 26, 2124 2,109,455 21.071
May 27, 2125 19,737,716 23.890
May 31, 2140 20,128,125 19.611
May 27, 2141 5,627,139 20.387
May 27, 2142 12,318,404 22.648
June 2, 2157 26,061,704 19.703
May 29, 2158 12,793,300 19.865
May 27, 2159 3,915,624 21.381
May 28, 2160 22,563,104 24.411
June 4, 2174 29,874,397 19.889
May 30, 2175 17,209,254 19.666
May 27, 2176 2,386,172 20.762
May 27, 2177 16,468,295 23.346
June 1, 2192 24,132,940 19.639
May 28, 2193 10,492,648 20.008
May 27, 2194 6,449,865 21.763
May 29, 2195 25,407,762 24.955

Images and Observations

Moshup's orbit is determined by observations dating back to May 29, 1998. It was last officially observed on July 23, 2021. The IAU Minor Planet Center records 3,663 observations used to determine its orbit.

Accessibility and Exploration

This asteroid is not considered a viable target for human exploration by the NHATS study.

Similar Objects

These objects have orbits that share similar characteristics to the orbit of Moshup:

References

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Orbital Elements

  • Epoch: 2459396.5 JD
  • Semi-major axis: 0.6424 AU
  • Eccentricity: 0.6884
  • Inclination: 38.88°
  • Longitude of Ascending Node: 244.9°
  • Argument of Periapsis: 192.65°
  • Mean Anomaly: 152.04°

Physical Characteristics

  • Diameter: 1.31700 km
  • Magnitude: 16.6
  • Spectral type (SMASS): S:

Derived Characteristics

  • Orbit Period: 188 days (0.51 years)
  • Avg. Orbit Speed: 37.17 km/s
  • Aphelion Distance: 1.08 AU
  • Perihelion Distance: 0.20 AU
  • Rotation Period: 2.76 hours

Map Comparison

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Orbit Simulation

Sky Map

The position of Moshup is indicated by a ◯ pink circle. Note that the object may not be in your current field of view. Use the controls below to adjust position, location, and time.

Size Rendering

The above comparison is an artistic rendering that uses available data on the diameter of Moshup to create an approximate landscape rendering with Mount Everest in the background. This approximation is built for full-resolution desktop browsers. Shape, color, and texture of asteroid are imagined.