Europa is a dwarf planet orbiting between Mars and Jupiter in the main portion of the asteroid belt. NASA JPL has not classified Europa as potentially hazardous because its orbit does not bring it close to Earth.
Europa orbits the sun every 1,990 days (5.45 years), coming as close as 2.75 AU and reaching as far as 3.44 AU from the sun. Europa is about 303.9 kilometers in diameter, making it one of the largest objects, comparable in size to Portugal.
The rotation of Europa has been observed. It completes a rotation on its axis every 5.63 hours.
Europa's orbit is 1.77 AU from Earth's orbit at its closest point. This means that there is an extremely wide berth between this asteroid and Earth at all times.
Orbital simulations conducted by NASA JPL's CNEOS do not show any close approaches to Earth.
Europa's orbit is determined by observations dating back to July 9, 1860. It was last officially observed on July 18, 2022. The IAU Minor Planet Center records 3,615 observations used to determine its orbit.
Scientists have been able to determine this object's shape:
View asteroid Europa in 3D.
The position of Europa is indicated by a ◯ pink circle. Note that the object may not be in your current field of view. Use the controls below to adjust position, location, and time.