Key Facts

  • Classified as a Apollo-class Asteroid
  • Comparable in size to Mount Everest
  • Will pass within 49,949,579 km of Earth in 2019
  • Classified as a Near Earth Asteroid (NEA)
  • Classified as a Potentially Hazardous Asteroid (PHA)
  • See orbit simulation

Overview

350523 (2000 EA14) is a small asteroid whose orbit crosses the orbit of Earth. NASA JPL has classified 2000 EA14 as a "Potentially Hazardous Asteroid" due to its predicted close pass(es) with Earth.

2000 EA14 orbits the sun every 431 days (1.18 years), coming as close as 0.89 AU and reaching as far as 1.34 AU from the sun. Based on its brightness and the way it reflects light, 2000 EA14 is probably between 1.05 to 4.69 kilometers in diameter, making it larger than most asteroids, very roughly comparable in size to Mount Everest.

Close Approaches

2000 EA14's orbit is 0.04 AU from Earth's orbit at its closest point. This means that there is a wide berth between this asteroid and Earth at all times.

2000 EA14 has 59 close approaches predicted in the coming decades:

Date Distance from Earth (km) Velocity (km/s)
May 15, 2019 49,949,579 6.655
Feb. 3, 2020 48,546,539 14.912
Sept. 25, 2025 10,550,887 4.428
March 14, 2026 37,219,870 5.188
May 21, 2032 49,403,911 6.535
Jan. 30, 2033 38,792,776 12.886
Sept. 10, 2038 7,348,114 4.802
March 20, 2039 39,627,543 5.531
May 24, 2045 49,104,312 6.482
Jan. 29, 2046 35,380,665 12.162
Sept. 9, 2051 7,100,151 4.875
March 20, 2052 39,822,839 5.542
May 23, 2058 49,346,977 6.534
Jan. 30, 2059 37,504,927 12.607
Sept. 17, 2064 8,897,969 4.507
March 16, 2065 38,338,336 5.334
Aug. 3, 2070 71,152,280 19.192
May 17, 2071 50,100,491 6.640
Feb. 2, 2072 46,154,294 14.400
Oct. 18, 2077 13,812,631 4.744
March 2, 2078 33,052,525 4.513
Aug. 8, 2083 57,927,926 16.585
May 6, 2084 50,428,741 6.761
Feb. 5, 2085 60,186,815 17.273
July 15, 2090 34,252,924 3.948
Nov. 24, 2090 14,883,041 4.720
Aug. 12, 2096 43,680,854 13.771
April 26, 2097 49,704,871 6.708
Feb. 10, 2098 74,368,974 20.166
June 30, 2103 40,020,029 5.013
Jan. 2, 2104 10,923,685 4.216
Aug. 17, 2109 32,384,162 11.527
April 19, 2110 48,367,500 6.609
June 20, 2116 43,041,824 5.494
Jan. 15, 2117 9,642,952 5.789
Aug. 23, 2122 20,074,536 9.048
April 9, 2123 46,184,136 6.342
June 7, 2129 46,892,443 6.095
Jan. 24, 2130 20,685,827 9.004
Sept. 2, 2135 7,482,267 6.121
March 28, 2136 42,193,985 5.884
May 31, 2142 48,351,161 6.349
Jan. 28, 2143 29,320,019 10.890
Sept. 4, 2148 6,491,985 5.663
March 26, 2149 41,344,364 5.766
June 2, 2155 47,786,218 6.273
Jan. 27, 2156 26,311,592 10.238
Aug. 29, 2161 10,681,239 6.996
April 2, 2162 43,472,773 6.046
June 13, 2168 45,142,440 5.845
Jan. 21, 2169 14,401,662 7.447
Aug. 22, 2174 24,527,877 9.956
April 15, 2175 46,877,852 6.453
June 25, 2181 41,762,261 5.281
Jan. 13, 2182 9,486,356 4.966
Aug. 18, 2187 36,106,517 12.261
April 23, 2188 48,678,748 6.639
July 6, 2194 37,924,148 4.630
Dec. 18, 2194 13,400,640 4.221

Images and Observations

2000 EA14's orbit is determined by observations dating back to March 3, 2000. It was last officially observed on May 3, 2019. The IAU Minor Planet Center records 153 observations used to determine its orbit.

Accessibility and Exploration

2000 EA14 can be reached with a journey of 394 days. This trajectory would require a delta-v of 8.056 km/s. To put this into perspective, the delta-v to launch a rocket to Low-Earth Orbit is 9.7 km/s. There are 137,139 potential trajectories and launch windows to this asteroid.

See more at the NHATS Mission Trajectories table for 2000 EA14.

Similar Objects

These objects have orbits that share similar characteristics to the orbit of 2000 EA14:

References

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Orbital Elements

  • Epoch: 2458600.5 JD
  • Semi-major axis: 1.11686084352 AU
  • Eccentricity: 0.202543377081
  • Inclination: 3.55562220703°
  • Longitude of Ascending Node: 203.856779828°
  • Argument of Periapsis: 206.028409069°
  • Mean Anomaly: 169.739055741°

Physical Characteristics

  • Diameter: ~2.87 km
  • Magnitude: 21.1

Derived Characteristics

  • Orbit Period: 431 days (1.18 years)
  • Avg. Orbit Speed: 28.18 km/s
  • Aphelion Distance: 1.34 AU
  • Perihelion Distance: 0.89 AU

Size Comparison

Orbit Simulation

Sky Map

The position of 350523 (2000 EA14) is indicated by a ◯ pink circle. Note that the object may not be in your current field of view. Use the controls below to adjust position, location, and time.