Key Facts

  • Categorized as a Apollo-class Asteroid
  • Comparable in size to a school bus or smaller
  • Will pass within 3,195,470 km of Earth in 2022
  • Classified as a Near Earth Asteroid (NEA)
  • Not a Potentially Hazardous Object
  • See orbit simulation


2022 XC1 is a very small asteroid whose orbit crosses the orbit of Earth. NASA JPL has classified 2022 XC1 as a "Near Earth Asteroid" due to its orbit's proximity to Earth, but it is not considered potentially hazardous because computer simulations have not indicated any imminent likelihood of future collision.

2022 XC1 orbits the sun every 405 days (1.11 years), coming as close as 0.80 AU and reaching as far as 1.34 AU from the sun. Based on its brightness and the way it reflects light, 2022 XC1 is probably between 0.010 to 0.045 kilometers in diameter, making it a small to average asteroid, very roughly comparable in size to a school bus or smaller.

Close Approaches

2022 XC1's orbit is 0.01 AU from Earth's orbit at its closest point. This means that there is a wide berth between this asteroid and Earth at all times.

2022 XC1 has 4 close approaches predicted in the coming decades:

Date Distance from Earth (km) Velocity (km/s)
Dec. 18, 2022 3,195,470 7.111
June 12, 2024 6,319,573 6.476
June 22, 2045 25,069,431 12.395
June 15, 2055 2,153,413 7.639

Images and Observations

2022 XC1's orbit is determined by observations dating back to Dec. 11, 2022. It was last officially observed on Dec. 17, 2022. The IAU Minor Planet Center records 35 observations used to determine its orbit.

Accessibility and Exploration

2022 XC1 can be reached with a journey of 362 days. This trajectory would require a delta-v of 7.684 km/s. To put this into perspective, the delta-v to launch a rocket to Low-Earth Orbit is 9.7 km/s. There are 56,561 potential trajectories and launch windows to this asteroid.

See more at the NHATS Mission Trajectories table for 2022 XC1.

Similar Objects

These objects have orbits that share similar characteristics to the orbit of 2022 XC1:



   or view a random object

Orbital Elements

  • Epoch: 2460200.5 JD
  • Semi-major axis: 1.071 AU
  • Eccentricity: 0.2515
  • Inclination: 4.07°
  • Longitude of Ascending Node: 274.46°
  • Argument of Periapsis: 255.57°
  • Mean Anomaly: 181.84°

Physical Characteristics

  • Diameter: ~0.028 km
  • Magnitude: 26.19

Derived Characteristics

  • Orbit Period: 405 days (1.11 years)
  • Avg. Orbit Speed: 28.77 km/s
  • Aphelion Distance: 1.34 AU
  • Perihelion Distance: 0.80 AU

Map Comparison

Click to load map

Orbit Simulation

Sky Map

The position of 2022 XC1 is indicated by a ◯ pink circle. Note that the object may not be in your current field of view. Use the controls below to adjust position, location, and time.

Size Rendering

The below comparison is an artistic rendering that uses available data on the diameter of 2022 XC1 to create an approximate landscape rendering with New York City in the background. This approximation is built for full-resolution desktop browsers. Shape, color, and texture of asteroid are imagined.