2021 GM1 is a very small asteroid whose orbit could bring it in close proximity to Earth. NASA JPL has classified 2021 GM1 as a "Near Earth Asteroid" due to its orbit's proximity to Earth, but it is not considered potentially hazardous because computer simulations have not indicated any imminent likelihood of future collision.
2021 GM1 orbits the sun every 353 days (0.97 years), coming as close as 0.95 AU and reaching as far as 1.00 AU from the sun. Based on its brightness and the way it reflects light, 2021 GM1 is probably between 0.001 to 0.007 kilometers in diameter, making it a small to average asteroid, very roughly comparable in size to a school bus or smaller.
2021 GM1's orbit is 0.00 AU from Earth's orbit at its closest point. This means that its orbit is relatively close to Earth's orbit.
2021 GM1 has 11 close approaches predicted in the coming decades:
|Date||Distance from Earth (km)||Velocity (km/s)|
|May 9, 2020||271,411||1.808|
|April 2, 2021||406,370||1.518|
|May 1, 2022||26,595,707||5.763|
|Feb. 20, 2050||21,520,044||4.795|
|Nov. 15, 2050||5,637,912||0.862|
|April 16, 2051||3,952,346||1.364|
|Nov. 18, 2069||8,330,843||1.176|
|April 20, 2070||8,941,956||2.377|
|April 18, 2087||10,197,340||2.664|
|April 19, 2103||25,782,621||5.838|
|Feb. 21, 2118||10,166,089||2.739|
NASA Sentry has assessed impact risk for 2 very close approach scenarios. Here are the top scenarios ordered by probability of impact:
|Date||Probability of Impact (%)||Impact Energy (Mt)|
|Feb. 21, 2122||0.00176||0.0004398|
|Feb. 22, 2121||0.00093||0.0004395|
2021 GM1's orbit is determined by observations dating back to May 26, 2020. It was last officially observed on May 5, 2021. The IAU Minor Planet Center records 113 observations used to determine its orbit.
2021 GM1 can be reached with a journey of 354 days. This trajectory would require a delta-v of 3.389 km/s. To put this into perspective, the delta-v to launch a rocket to Low-Earth Orbit is 9.7 km/s. There are 1,864,713 potential trajectories and launch windows to this asteroid.
See more at the NHATS Mission Trajectories table for 2021 GM1.
The position of 2021 GM1 is indicated by a ◯ pink circle. Note that the object may not be in your current field of view. Use the controls below to adjust position, location, and time.