Key Facts

  • Categorized as a Apollo-class Asteroid
  • Comparable in size to a football field
  • Will pass within 21,762,157 km of Earth in 2019
  • Classified as a Near Earth Asteroid (NEA)
  • Not a Potentially Hazardous Object
  • See orbit simulation

Overview

2020 BN14 is a very small asteroid whose orbit crosses the orbit of Earth. NASA JPL has classified 2020 BN14 as a "Near Earth Asteroid" due to its orbit's proximity to Earth, but it is not considered potentially hazardous because computer simulations have not indicated any imminent likelihood of future collision.

2020 BN14 orbits the sun every 1,100 days (3.01 years), coming as close as 0.90 AU and reaching as far as 3.27 AU from the sun. Based on its brightness and the way it reflects light, 2020 BN14 is probably between 0.138 to 0.309 kilometers in diameter, making it a small to average asteroid, very roughly comparable in size to a football field.

Close Approaches

2020 BN14's orbit is 0.07 AU from Earth's orbit at its closest point. This means that there is a wide berth between this asteroid and Earth at all times.

2020 BN14 has 6 close approaches predicted in the coming decades:

Date Distance from Earth (km) Velocity (km/s)
Nov. 25, 2019 21,762,157 12.301
Dec. 9, 2022 17,011,019 12.030
Dec. 25, 2025 12,098,529 12.076
Jan. 6, 2029 10,173,792 12.517
Jan. 19, 2032 15,136,059 13.811
Jan. 26, 2035 22,656,433 15.324

Images and Observations

2020 BN14's orbit is determined by observations dating back to Jan. 6, 2020. It was last officially observed on Dec. 23, 2022. The IAU Minor Planet Center records 37 observations used to determine its orbit.

Accessibility and Exploration

This asteroid is not considered a viable target for human exploration by the NHATS study.

Similar Objects

These objects have orbits that share similar characteristics to the orbit of 2020 BN14:

References

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Orbital Elements

  • Epoch: 2460000.5 JD
  • Semi-major axis: 2.086 AU
  • Eccentricity: 0.569
  • Inclination: 13.32°
  • Longitude of Ascending Node: 95.52°
  • Argument of Periapsis: 346.42°
  • Mean Anomaly: 24.77°

Physical Characteristics

  • Diameter: ~0.178 km
  • Magnitude: 21.42

Derived Characteristics

  • Orbit Period: 1,100 days (3.01 years)
  • Avg. Orbit Speed: 20.63 km/s
  • Aphelion Distance: 3.27 AU
  • Perihelion Distance: 0.90 AU

Map Comparison

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Orbit Simulation

Sky Map

The position of 2020 BN14 is indicated by a ◯ pink circle. Note that the object may not be in your current field of view. Use the controls below to adjust position, location, and time.

Size Rendering

The below comparison is an artistic rendering that uses available data on the diameter of 2020 BN14 to create an approximate landscape rendering with New York City in the background. This approximation is built for full-resolution desktop browsers. Shape, color, and texture of asteroid are imagined.