Key Facts

  • Categorized as a Apollo-class Asteroid
  • Comparable in size to a school bus or smaller
  • Will pass within 10,263,375 km of Earth in 2022
  • Classified as a Near Earth Asteroid (NEA)
  • Not a Potentially Hazardous Object
  • See orbit simulation

Overview

2010 RF12 is a very small asteroid whose orbit crosses the orbit of Earth. NASA JPL has classified 2010 RF12 as a "Near Earth Asteroid" due to its orbit's proximity to Earth, but it is not considered potentially hazardous because computer simulations have not indicated any imminent likelihood of future collision.

2010 RF12 orbits the sun every 399 days (1.09 years), coming as close as 0.86 AU and reaching as far as 1.26 AU from the sun. Based on its brightness and the way it reflects light, 2010 RF12 is probably between 0.036 to 0.160 kilometers in diameter, making it a small to average asteroid, very roughly comparable in size to a school bus or smaller.

Close Approaches

2010 RF12's orbit is 0.00 AU from Earth's orbit at its closest point. This means that its orbit is very close to Earth's orbit.

2010 RF12 has 14 close approaches predicted in the coming decades:

Date Distance from Earth (km) Velocity (km/s)
Sept. 23, 2022 10,263,375 3.313
March 1, 2024 27,580,178 10.638
July 16, 2034 29,430,206 4.368
Dec. 2, 2034 18,716,351 4.775
April 10, 2035 28,270,831 4.295
Aug. 29, 2045 25,030,185 10.045
Feb. 9, 2047 8,662,507 3.470
Aug. 31, 2057 17,211,028 8.500
Feb. 17, 2059 3,536,253 4.441
Aug. 5, 2070 22,612,993 3.329
Nov. 1, 2070 17,449,761 4.365
Aug. 30, 2082 15,844,116 8.221
Feb. 13, 2084 7,693,916 3.617
Sept. 6, 2095 39,094 6.821

NASA Sentry has assessed impact risk for 59 very close approach scenarios. Here are the top scenarios ordered by probability of impact:

Date Distance from Earth (km) Distance Error (km) Probability of Impact (%) Impact Energy (Mt)
Sept. 5, 2095 2,818.38 ±1.99 4.62700 0.009019
Sept. 5, 2095 2,747.76 ±3.04 0.05773 0.009025
Sept. 4, 2096 2,574.42 ±1.09 0.00800 0.00903
Sept. 6, 2101 5,270.82 ±17.93 0.00329 0.009022
Sept. 6, 2101 3,229.26 ±16.33 0.00176 0.009028
Sept. 5, 2100 2,490.96 ±4.92 0.00118 0.009023
Sept. 6, 2113 2,330.46 ±0.83 0.00112 0.009028
Sept. 5, 2112 1,020.78 ±0.81 0.00106 0.009023
March 4, 2117 2,285.52 ±7.30 0.00093 0.009024
Sept. 6, 2106 4,988.34 ±5.89 0.00079 0.009032
Sept. 6, 2111 1,714.14 ±0.79 0.00079 0.009018
Sept. 5, 2104 1,611.42 ±51.55 0.00074 0.009019
Sept. 5, 2099 4,076.70 ±3.83 0.00066 0.009031
Sept. 6, 2114 5,418.48 ±1.15 0.00065 0.009011
Sept. 5, 2104 4,879.20 ±26.94 0.00055 0.009019
Sept. 6, 2111 3,954.72 ±4.93 0.00047 0.009019
Sept. 5, 2104 4,076.70 ±3.33 0.00037 0.00903
Sept. 5, 2098 5,469.84 ±4.12 0.00036 0.009025
Sept. 5, 2098 3,498.90 ±1.60 0.00034 0.009019
Sept. 5, 2109 2,625.78 ±1.07 0.00028 0.009018
Sept. 6, 2101 2,921.10 ±2.10 0.00026 0.009021
Sept. 5, 2099 4,449.06 ±1.89 0.00025 0.009045
Sept. 5, 2112 3,999.66 ±1.52 0.00025 0.009019
Sept. 6, 2103 3,935.46 ±1.42 0.00023 0.009022
Sept. 5, 2108 5,200.20 ±3.04 0.00022 0.009022
Sept. 6, 2102 5,020.44 ±9.99 0.00022 0.009017
Sept. 6, 2110 5,482.68 ±1.51 0.00020 0.009033
Sept. 6, 2106 5,630.34 ±3.35 0.00018 0.009027
Sept. 6, 2102 4,725.12 ±1.81 0.00017 0.009036
Sept. 6, 2111 4,648.08 ±1.52 0.00017 0.009011
Sept. 5, 2112 5,412.06 ±2.46 0.00015 0.009035
Sept. 6, 2107 4,134.48 ±6.88 0.00014 0.009016
Sept. 6, 2106 2,844.06 ±6.44 0.00013 0.009028
Sept. 6, 2106 3,832.74 ±0.01 0.00012 0.009023
Sept. 6, 2103 3,415.44 ±2.25 0.00012 0.009009
Sept. 6, 2113 4,198.68 ±2.49 0.00011 0.009029
Sept. 6, 2107 2,092.92 ±0.65 0.00009 0.009026
Sept. 6, 2119 5,283.66 ±1.05 0.00008 0.009015
Sept. 5, 2110 6,285.18 ±1.02 0.00007 0.009022
Sept. 5, 2112 4,827.84 ±2.25 0.00006 0.009031
Sept. 6, 2111 3,794.22 ±5.32 0.00006 0.009024
Sept. 5, 2112 4,834.26 ±24.42 0.00006 0.009006
Sept. 6, 2118 2,009.46 ±1.61 0.00006 0.00904
Sept. 6, 2103 4,173.00 ±25.72 0.00005 0.009026
Sept. 5, 2116 3,986.82 ±1.02 0.00005 0.009019
Sept. 6, 2117 4,988.34 ±146.47 0.00005 0.009019
Sept. 5, 2099 3,055.92 ±5.26 0.00003 0.009036
Sept. 5, 2104 3,819.90 ±4.08 0.00002 0.009028
Aug. 24, 2118 3,396.18 ±8.81 0.00002 0.00902
Sept. 4, 2096 2,471.70 ±2.35 0.00001 0.009039
Sept. 5, 2098 3,832.74 ±5.64 0.00001 0.009022
Sept. 6, 2110 5,765.16 ±3.15 0.00000 0.00903
Sept. 5, 2099 4,160.16 ±2.05 0.00000 0.009046
Sept. 5, 2100 2,985.30 ±4.29 0.00000 0.009031
Sept. 6, 2101 2,645.04 ±3.54 0.00000 0.009025
March 4, 2117 2,497.38 ±10.95 0.00000 0.009035
Sept. 6, 2113 2,195.64 ±1.24 0.00000 0.009042
Sept. 6, 2114 5,290.08 ±0.68 0.00000 0.009025
Sept. 5, 2112 860.28 ±1.24 0.00000 0.009037

Images and Observations

2010 RF12's orbit is determined by observations dating back to Sept. 3, 2010. It was last officially observed on Sept. 8, 2010. The IAU Minor Planet Center records 323 observations used to determine its orbit.

Accessibility and Exploration

2010 RF12 can be reached with a journey of 450 days. This trajectory would require a delta-v of 5.921 km/s. To put this into perspective, the delta-v to launch a rocket to Low-Earth Orbit is 9.7 km/s. There are 572,221 potential trajectories and launch windows to this asteroid.

See more at the NHATS Mission Trajectories table for 2010 RF12.

Similar Objects

These objects have orbits that share similar characteristics to the orbit of 2010 RF12:

References

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Orbital Elements

  • Epoch: 2459000.5 JD
  • Semi-major axis: 1.061 AU
  • Eccentricity: 0.1882
  • Inclination: 0.88°
  • Longitude of Ascending Node: 163.83°
  • Argument of Periapsis: 267.6°
  • Mean Anomaly: 261.91°

Physical Characteristics

  • Diameter: ~0.098 km
  • Magnitude: 28.4

Derived Characteristics

  • Orbit Period: 399 days (1.09 years)
  • Avg. Orbit Speed: 28.93 km/s
  • Aphelion Distance: 1.26 AU
  • Perihelion Distance: 0.86 AU

Map Comparison

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Orbit Simulation

Sky Map

The position of 2010 RF12 is indicated by a ◯ pink circle. Note that the object may not be in your current field of view. Use the controls below to adjust position, location, and time.

Size Rendering

The above comparison is an artistic rendering that uses available data on the diameter of 2010 RF12 to create an approximate landscape rendering. The approximation is built for full-resolution desktop browsers. Shape, color, and texture of asteroid are imagined.