Key Facts

  • Categorized as a Apollo-class Asteroid
  • Comparable in size to a school bus or smaller
  • Will pass within 23,586,211 km of Earth in 2022
  • Classified as a Near Earth Asteroid (NEA)
  • Not a Potentially Hazardous Object
  • See orbit simulation

Overview

2009 JF1 is a very small asteroid whose orbit crosses the orbit of Earth. NASA JPL has classified 2009 JF1 as a "Near Earth Asteroid" due to its orbit's proximity to Earth, but it is not considered potentially hazardous because computer simulations have not indicated any imminent likelihood of future collision.

2009 JF1 orbits the sun every 952 days (2.61 years), coming as close as 0.50 AU and reaching as far as 3.29 AU from the sun. Its orbit is highly elliptical. Based on its brightness and the way it reflects light, 2009 JF1 is probably between 0.007 to 0.017 kilometers in diameter, making it a small to average asteroid, very roughly comparable in size to a school bus or smaller.

Close Approaches

2009 JF1's orbit is 0.00 AU from Earth's orbit at its closest point. This means that its orbit is very close to Earth's orbit.

2009 JF1 has 5 close approaches predicted in the coming decades:

Date Distance from Earth (km) Velocity (km/s)
May 15, 2022 23,586,211 19.336
Nov. 26, 2053 10,069,174 22.326
Dec. 5, 2066 19,212,596 27.594
May 3, 2095 11,442,444 26.214
May 7, 2108 1,007,894 23.954

Images and Observations

2009 JF1's orbit is determined by observations dating back to May 4, 2009. It was last officially observed on May 5, 2009. The IAU Minor Planet Center records 20 observations used to determine its orbit.

Accessibility and Exploration

This asteroid is not considered a viable target for human exploration by the NHATS study.

Similar Objects

These objects have orbits that share similar characteristics to the orbit of 2009 JF1:

References

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Orbital Elements

  • Epoch: 2459600.5 JD
  • Semi-major axis: 1.894 AU
  • Eccentricity: 0.7385
  • Inclination: 6.16°
  • Longitude of Ascending Node: 45.54°
  • Argument of Periapsis: 281.4°
  • Mean Anomaly: 298.67°

Physical Characteristics

  • Diameter: ~0.010 km
  • Magnitude: 27.76

Derived Characteristics

  • Orbit Period: 952 days (2.61 years)
  • Avg. Orbit Speed: 21.64 km/s
  • Aphelion Distance: 3.29 AU
  • Perihelion Distance: 0.50 AU

Map Comparison

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Orbit Simulation

Sky Map

The position of 2009 JF1 is indicated by a ◯ pink circle. Note that the object may not be in your current field of view. Use the controls below to adjust position, location, and time.