Key Facts

  • Categorized as a Apollo-class Asteroid
  • Comparable in size to a football field
  • Will pass within 10,969,420 km of Earth in 2020
  • Classified as a Near Earth Asteroid (NEA)
  • Classified as a Potentially Hazardous Asteroid (PHA)
  • See orbit simulation


2001 YV3 is a very small asteroid whose orbit crosses the orbit of Earth. NASA JPL has classified 2001 YV3 as a "Potentially Hazardous Asteroid" due to its predicted close pass(es) with Earth.

2001 YV3 orbits the sun every 991 days (2.71 years), coming as close as 0.55 AU and reaching as far as 3.34 AU from the sun. Its orbit is highly elliptical. Based on its brightness and the way it reflects light, 2001 YV3 is probably between 0.204 to 0.457 kilometers in diameter, making it a small to average asteroid, very roughly comparable in size to a football field.

Close Approaches

2001 YV3's orbit is 0.03 AU from Earth's orbit at its closest point. This means that there is a wide berth between this asteroid and Earth at all times.

2001 YV3 has 8 close approaches predicted in the coming decades:

Date Distance from Earth (km) Velocity (km/s)
Dec. 13, 2020 10,969,420 20.374
May 31, 2023 21,001,240 26.194
Dec. 13, 2039 14,085,709 19.773
May 29, 2042 27,019,395 27.461
Dec. 8, 2058 23,848,917 17.654
Dec. 25, 2142 14,824,615 25.283
June 8, 2145 6,794,737 22.913
Dec. 14, 2161 15,158,254 19.449

Images and Observations

2001 YV3's orbit is determined by observations dating back to Dec. 22, 2001. It was last officially observed on May 31, 2023. The IAU Minor Planet Center records 178 observations used to determine its orbit.

Accessibility and Exploration

This asteroid is not considered a viable target for human exploration by the NHATS study.

Similar Objects

These objects have orbits that share similar characteristics to the orbit of 2001 YV3:



   or view a random object

Orbital Elements

  • Epoch: 2460200.5 JD
  • Semi-major axis: 1.946 AU
  • Eccentricity: 0.7189
  • Inclination: 5.2°
  • Longitude of Ascending Node: 107.21°
  • Argument of Periapsis: 244.42°
  • Mean Anomaly: 20.84°

Physical Characteristics

  • Diameter: ~0.264 km
  • Magnitude: 20.57

Derived Characteristics

  • Orbit Period: 991 days (2.71 years)
  • Avg. Orbit Speed: 21.36 km/s
  • Aphelion Distance: 3.34 AU
  • Perihelion Distance: 0.55 AU

Map Comparison

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Orbit Simulation

Sky Map

The position of 2001 YV3 is indicated by a ◯ pink circle. Note that the object may not be in your current field of view. Use the controls below to adjust position, location, and time.

Size Rendering

The below comparison is an artistic rendering that uses available data on the diameter of 2001 YV3 to create an approximate landscape rendering with New York City in the background. This approximation is built for full-resolution desktop browsers. Shape, color, and texture of asteroid are imagined.