Melpomene is a large asteroid orbiting between Mars and Jupiter in the main portion of the asteroid belt. NASA JPL has not classified Melpomene as potentially hazardous because its orbit does not bring it close to Earth.
Melpomene orbits the sun every 1,270 days (3.48 years), coming as close as 1.79 AU and reaching as far as 2.80 AU from the sun. Melpomene is about 139.6 kilometers in diameter, making it larger than 99% of asteroids, comparable in size to the U.S. state of Connecticut.
The rotation of Melpomene has been observed. It completes a rotation on its axis every 11.57 hours.
Melpomene's orbit is 0.81 AU from Earth's orbit at its closest point. This means that there is a very wide berth between this asteroid and Earth at all times.
Orbital simulations conducted by NASA JPL's CNEOS do not show any close approaches to Earth.
Melpomene's orbit is determined by observations dating back to June 29, 1852. It was last officially observed on Sept. 9, 2022. The IAU Minor Planet Center records 6,122 observations used to determine its orbit.
Scientists have been able to determine this object's shape:
View asteroid Melpomene in 3D.
The position of Melpomene is indicated by a ◯ pink circle. Note that the object may not be in your current field of view. Use the controls below to adjust position, location, and time.