Key Facts

  • Categorized as a Main-belt Asteroid
  • Comparable in size to the U.S. state of Rhode Island (56.31 km diameter)
  • Not a Near Earth Object
  • Not a Potentially Hazardous Object
  • See orbit simulation

Overview

Asia is a large asteroid orbiting between Mars and Jupiter in the main portion of the asteroid belt. NASA JPL has not classified Asia as potentially hazardous because its orbit does not bring it close to Earth.

Asia orbits the sun every 1,380 days (3.78 years), coming as close as 1.97 AU and reaching as far as 2.87 AU from the sun. Asia is about 56.3 kilometers in diameter, making it larger than 99% of asteroids, comparable in size to the U.S. state of Rhode Island.

The rotation of Asia has been observed. It completes a rotation on its axis every 15.85 days.

Asia's spectral type S (Tholen) / S (SMASSII) indicates that it is likely to contain magnesium silicate and iron silicate.

No Close Approaches

Asia's orbit is 0.97 AU from Earth's orbit at its closest point. This means that there is an very wide berth between this asteroid and Earth at all times.

Orbital simulations conducted by NASA JPL's CNEOS do not show any close approaches to Earth.

Images and Observations

Asia's orbit is determined by observations dating back to March 2, 1864. It was last officially observed on June 7, 2020. The IAU Minor Planet Center records 2,784 observations used to determine its orbit.

Accessibility and Exploration

This asteroid is not considered a viable target for human exploration by the NHATS study.

Similar Objects

These objects have orbits that share similar characteristics to the orbit of Asia:

References

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Orbital Elements

  • Epoch: 2459000.5 JD
  • Semi-major axis: 2.421 AU
  • Eccentricity: 0.1851
  • Inclination: 6.03°
  • Longitude of Ascending Node: 202.41°
  • Argument of Periapsis: 106.89°
  • Mean Anomaly: 23.27°

Physical Characteristics

  • Diameter: 56.30900 km
  • Magnitude: 8.3
  • Albedo: 0.228
  • Spectral type (Tholen): S
  • Spectral type (SMASS): S

Derived Characteristics

  • Orbit Period: 1,380 days (3.78 years)
  • Avg. Orbit Speed: 19.09 km/s
  • Aphelion Distance: 2.87 AU
  • Perihelion Distance: 1.97 AU
  • Rotation Period: 15.85 hours
  • Approx. Composition: magnesium silicate and iron silicate.

Map Comparison

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Orbit Simulation

Sky Map

The position of Asia is indicated by a ◯ pink circle. Note that the object may not be in your current field of view. Use the controls below to adjust position, location, and time.