Key Facts

  • Categorized as a Main-belt Asteroid
  • Comparable in size to the U.S. state of West Virginia (267.08 km diameter)
  • Not a Near Earth Object
  • Not a Potentially Hazardous Object
  • See orbit simulation


Euphrosyne is a very large asteroid orbiting between Mars and Jupiter in the main portion of the asteroid belt. NASA JPL has not classified Euphrosyne as potentially hazardous because its orbit does not bring it close to Earth.

Euphrosyne orbits the sun every 2,050 days (5.61 years), coming as close as 2.46 AU and reaching as far as 3.85 AU from the sun. Euphrosyne is about 267.1 kilometers in diameter, making it larger than 99% of asteroids, comparable in size to the U.S. state of West Virginia.

The rotation of Euphrosyne has been observed. It completes a rotation on its axis every 5.53 days.

Euphrosyne's spectral type C (Tholen) / Cb (SMASSII) indicates that it is likely to contain nickel, iron, cobalt, water, nitrogen, and ammonia.

No Close Approaches

Euphrosyne's orbit is 1.58 AU from Earth's orbit at its closest point. This means that there is an extremely wide berth between this asteroid and Earth at all times.

Orbital simulations conducted by NASA JPL's CNEOS do not show any close approaches to Earth.

Images and Observations

Euphrosyne's orbit is determined by observations dating back to Oct. 25, 1860. It was last officially observed on April 28, 2020. The IAU Minor Planet Center records 2,455 observations used to determine its orbit.

Scientists have been able to determine this object's shape.

View asteroid Euphrosyne in 3D.

Accessibility and Exploration

This asteroid is not considered a viable target for human exploration by the NHATS study.

Similar Objects

These objects have orbits that share similar characteristics to the orbit of Euphrosyne:



   or view a random object

Orbital Elements

  • Epoch: 2459000.5 JD
  • Semi-major axis: 3.158 AU
  • Eccentricity: 0.2199
  • Inclination: 26.28°
  • Longitude of Ascending Node: 31.09°
  • Argument of Periapsis: 61.62°
  • Mean Anomaly: 157.37°

Physical Characteristics

  • Diameter: 267.08000 km
  • Magnitude: 6.8
  • Albedo: 0.053
  • Spectral type (Tholen): C
  • Spectral type (SMASS): Cb

Derived Characteristics

  • Orbit Period: 2,050 days (5.61 years)
  • Avg. Orbit Speed: 16.76 km/s
  • Aphelion Distance: 3.85 AU
  • Perihelion Distance: 2.46 AU
  • Rotation Period: 5.53 hours
  • Approx. Composition: nickel, iron, cobalt, water, nitrogen, and ammonia.

Map Comparison

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Orbit Simulation

Sky Map

The position of Euphrosyne is indicated by a ◯ pink circle. Note that the object may not be in your current field of view. Use the controls below to adjust position, location, and time.