Key Facts

  • Categorized as a Aten-class Asteroid
  • Comparable in size to a school bus or smaller
  • Will pass within 2,860,874 km of Earth in 2020
  • Classified as a Near Earth Asteroid (NEA)
  • Not a Potentially Hazardous Object
  • See orbit simulation


2020 JQ1 is a very small asteroid whose orbit could bring it in close proximity to Earth. NASA JPL has classified 2020 JQ1 as a "Near Earth Asteroid" due to its orbit's proximity to Earth, but it is not considered potentially hazardous because computer simulations have not indicated any imminent likelihood of future collision.

2020 JQ1 orbits the sun every 248 days (0.68 years), coming as close as 0.36 AU and reaching as far as 1.19 AU from the sun. Based on its brightness and the way it reflects light, 2020 JQ1 is probably between 0.016 to 0.036 kilometers in diameter, making it a small to average asteroid, very roughly comparable in size to a school bus or smaller.

Close Approaches

2020 JQ1's orbit is 0.00 AU from Earth's orbit at its closest point. This means that its orbit is very close to Earth's orbit.

2020 JQ1 has 7 close approaches predicted in the coming decades:

Date Distance from Earth (km) Velocity (km/s)
May 12, 2020 2,860,874 13.341
May 14, 2022 26,268,517 19.315
July 16, 2031 24,949,523 17.250
July 12, 2033 19,677,980 11.901
June 20, 2035 28,235,195 11.064
May 25, 2037 22,104,264 11.115
May 12, 2039 606,879 14.018

Images and Observations

2020 JQ1's orbit is determined by observations dating back to May 14, 2020. It was last officially observed on May 22, 2020. The IAU Minor Planet Center records 41 observations used to determine its orbit.

Accessibility and Exploration

This asteroid is not considered a viable target for human exploration by the NHATS study.

Similar Objects

These objects have orbits that share similar characteristics to the orbit of 2020 JQ1:



   or view a random object

Orbital Elements

  • Epoch: 2459600.5 JD
  • Semi-major axis: 0.7723 AU
  • Eccentricity: 0.5397
  • Inclination: 7.33°
  • Longitude of Ascending Node: 230.7°
  • Argument of Periapsis: 212.39°
  • Mean Anomaly: 280.74°

Physical Characteristics

  • Diameter: ~0.021 km
  • Magnitude: 26.1

Derived Characteristics

  • Orbit Period: 248 days (0.68 years)
  • Avg. Orbit Speed: 33.88 km/s
  • Aphelion Distance: 1.19 AU
  • Perihelion Distance: 0.36 AU

Map Comparison

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Orbit Simulation

Sky Map

The position of 2020 JQ1 is indicated by a ◯ pink circle. Note that the object may not be in your current field of view. Use the controls below to adjust position, location, and time.