Key Facts

  • Classified as a Apollo-class Asteroid
  • Comparable in size to a school bus
  • Will pass within 60,353,634 km of Earth in 2019
  • Classified as a Near Earth Asteroid (NEA)
  • Not a Potentially Hazardous Asteroid (PHA)
  • See orbit simulation

Overview

2017 QX34 is a very small asteroid whose orbit crosses the orbit of Earth. NASA JPL has classified 2017 QX34 as a "Near Earth Asteroid" due to its orbit's proximity to Earth, but it is not considered potentially hazardous because computer simulations have not indicated any imminent likelihood of collision.

2017 QX34 orbits the sun every 381 days (1.04 years), coming as close as 0.62 AU and reaching as far as 1.44 AU from the sun. Based on its brightness and the way it reflects light, 2017 QX34 is probably between 0.13 to 0.30 kilometers in diameter, making it a small to average asteroid, very roughly comparable in size to a school bus.

Close Approaches

2017 QX34's orbit is 0.24 AU from Earth's orbit at its closest point. This means that there is a wide berth between this asteroid and Earth at all times.

2017 QX34 has 97 close approaches predicted in the coming decades:

Date Distance from Earth (km) Velocity (km/s)
March 15, 2019 60,353,634 19.114
Aug. 18, 2019 61,390,406 13.201
April 17, 2020 64,260,525 15.128
Aug. 1, 2020 49,162,580 12.834
July 18, 2021 36,880,129 13.434
July 15, 2022 44,219,477 18.132
July 22, 2023 72,214,671 25.189
Nov. 21, 2038 59,061,591 18.413
Dec. 23, 2039 48,918,135 15.936
Oct. 4, 2040 69,856,939 11.606
Jan. 25, 2041 50,015,061 18.238
Sept. 14, 2041 71,294,724 12.917
Feb. 23, 2042 55,822,381 19.540
Aug. 28, 2042 67,169,663 13.278
March 25, 2043 62,188,789 18.396
Aug. 13, 2043 57,970,255 13.106
May 2, 2044 63,453,234 11.855
July 27, 2044 44,693,697 12.793
July 15, 2045 35,915,625 14.454
July 17, 2046 51,965,008 20.309
Nov. 30, 2062 53,831,666 16.615
Jan. 4, 2064 48,446,165 16.626
Sept. 27, 2064 71,049,247 12.178
Feb. 3, 2065 51,576,951 18.851
Sept. 8, 2065 70,548,963 13.109
March 5, 2066 58,022,678 19.503
Aug. 23, 2066 64,757,064 13.284
April 4, 2067 63,602,681 17.227
Aug. 8, 2067 54,050,705 12.986
July 22, 2068 40,432,641 12.887
July 14, 2069 37,984,020 15.962
July 19, 2070 60,975,213 22.573
Nov. 14, 2085 66,337,447 20.776
Dec. 11, 2086 50,470,693 15.755
Oct. 16, 2087 67,859,489 10.557
Jan. 15, 2088 48,852,431 17.459
Sept. 20, 2088 71,573,244 12.622
Feb. 14, 2089 53,614,353 19.310
Sept. 3, 2089 69,164,678 13.243
March 15, 2090 60,284,350 19.140
Aug. 18, 2090 61,621,814 13.210
April 17, 2091 64,302,927 15.241
Aug. 2, 2091 49,406,548 12.834
July 18, 2092 36,843,013 13.379
July 15, 2093 43,665,130 18.027
July 22, 2094 71,672,214 25.097
Nov. 22, 2109 59,018,041 18.444
Dec. 25, 2110 48,811,714 15.952
Oct. 7, 2111 69,968,081 11.568
Jan. 27, 2112 49,946,853 18.217
Sept. 15, 2112 71,417,515 12.914
Feb. 24, 2113 55,817,301 19.537
Aug. 30, 2113 67,270,275 13.272
March 26, 2114 62,237,147 18.381
Aug. 14, 2114 58,008,828 13.092
May 5, 2115 63,449,770 11.785
July 29, 2115 44,585,404 12.780
July 16, 2116 35,709,355 14.478
July 18, 2117 52,008,037 20.364
Nov. 10, 2132 73,654,335 22.908
Dec. 3, 2133 53,067,253 16.427
Jan. 7, 2135 48,354,929 16.754
Sept. 28, 2135 71,300,992 12.247
Feb. 7, 2136 51,844,614 18.931
Sept. 8, 2136 70,480,879 13.118
March 7, 2137 58,442,360 19.455
Aug. 24, 2137 64,327,849 13.262
April 8, 2138 63,852,733 16.887
Aug. 8, 2138 53,197,473 12.955
July 23, 2139 39,429,439 12.954
July 15, 2140 38,713,049 16.385
July 21, 2141 63,092,175 23.106
Nov. 17, 2156 63,428,578 19.904
Dec. 17, 2157 49,564,042 15.766
Oct. 13, 2158 68,925,094 10.995
Jan. 21, 2159 49,122,445 17.760
Sept. 20, 2159 71,717,361 12.736
Feb. 20, 2160 54,480,739 19.425
Sept. 2, 2160 68,539,698 13.264
March 20, 2161 61,208,917 18.834
Aug. 17, 2161 60,138,446 13.167
April 25, 2162 64,169,606 13.912
Aug. 1, 2162 47,106,624 12.788
July 18, 2163 35,725,145 13.836
July 17, 2164 47,629,017 19.236
Dec. 1, 2180 53,880,426 16.737
Jan. 5, 2182 48,232,122 16.617
Sept. 29, 2182 71,305,658 12.170
Feb. 6, 2183 51,480,692 18.847
Sept. 10, 2183 70,723,983 13.108
March 6, 2184 58,182,621 19.447
Aug. 24, 2184 64,642,893 13.252
April 7, 2185 63,773,283 16.984
Aug. 8, 2185 53,479,751 12.943
July 23, 2186 39,507,688 12.939
July 16, 2187 38,548,865 16.353
July 21, 2188 63,113,827 23.129

Images and Observations

2017 QX34's orbit is determined by observations dating back to Aug. 24, 2017. It was last officially observed on Sept. 11, 2018. The IAU Minor Planet Center records 37 observations used to determine its orbit.

Accessibility and Exploration

This asteroid is not considered a viable target for human exploration by the NHATS study.

Similar Objects

These objects have orbits that share similar characteristics to the orbit of 2017 QX34:

References

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Orbital Elements

  • Epoch: 2458600.5 JD
  • Semi-major axis: 1.02925626298 AU
  • Eccentricity: 0.39805685254
  • Inclination: 21.2719203479°
  • Longitude of Ascending Node: 142.740178878°
  • Argument of Periapsis: 21.2005734402°
  • Mean Anomaly: 42.7881482801°

Physical Characteristics

  • Diameter: ~0.17 km
  • Magnitude: 21.5

Derived Characteristics

  • Orbit Period: 381 days (1.04 years)
  • Avg. Orbit Speed: 29.36 km/s
  • Aphelion Distance: 1.44 AU
  • Perihelion Distance: 0.62 AU

Size Comparison

Orbit Simulation

Sky Map

The position of 2017 QX34 is indicated by a ◯ pink circle. Note that the object may not be in your current field of view. Use the controls below to adjust position, location, and time.